The average number of adults in the park is 110. For many years when Tait was alive, there were three packs occupying the floodplain area each roughly 20 dogs per pack, so we had one dog per kilometre of the 60km of Zambezi river frontage of Mana Pools . The packs were spread out - one pack in the east side of the park, one central and one in the west. Numbers are slightly lower at present due to a combination of factors including changes in pack structure, due to loss of alphas, Tait and Janet, and increased competition from lions and hyenas. We have recorded numerous encounters between lion, hyena and leopard whereby the painted wolves have lost pack members to these competing predators.